I: What Is Gestational Diabetes?
There are three types of diabetes mellitus that a person may have. The first one is type one diabetes mellitus, where in the patient had been diagnosed to have diabetes from an early age due to some hormonal imbalance causing difficulties in managing their blood glucose level. Most patients suffering from this type of diabetes are required to inject insulin regularly and eat sweets from time to time ( especially when their blood sugar drastically went down) in order to manage their blood sugar level.
The second type of diabetes is (as you may already have guessed) is the type two diabetes mellitus. This kind of diabetes is the most common form amongst the others since it is the kind of illness that can affect anyone through a sedentary form of lifestyle as well as utter extremes in consuming foods that are high in carbohydrates. This kind of diabetes is the kind of infliction that can be avoided, however once you are inflicted with it there is no way for you to get out of it unless you change your way of living and promote a healthier one so that you may be able to stabilize your blood glucose level with of course a regular consumption of your maintenance drug.
This third type diabetes mellitus is the form of diabetes that we are going to discuss for the entire article. Well for one it is a rare type of diabetes, and second this kind of diabetes can only happen to pregnant women. The name of the third type of diabetes is Gestational Diabetes Mellitus or also known in hospital lingo as GDM. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus is a form of diabetes that occurs during the crucial months of women’s pregnancy, most of the time it starts during the twenty fourth week or on the twenty eight week of their pregnancy, wherein during these stage of pregnancy women body’s capability to produce enough insulin for both the mother and the baby is not enough. Insulin is the type of hormone secreted by the liver of human body that is responsible for converting sugar into energy as well as in reducing the number of blood sugar in the body.
Insulin is also the hormone responsible in controlling the increase number of glucose in the blood that is used by babies to grow inside the womb. And according to statistics one out of ten pregnant and expecting women have these complication in pregnancy. However, the most number of people who have suffered from this complication are those who are obese or those who are not really diabetic in the first place but happen to have a close blood relative who chances to have one. It is quite difficult to predict who will likely to have Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, given the facts that have been mentioned since the evidences are saying that it can happen to anyone without them knowing it.
But no worries, although serious complications of untreated GDM maybe serious compared to its other co-types of diabetes, Gestational Diabetes Mellitus is way easier to manage as long as it is diagnosed earlier and the mother is undergoing several blood sugar controlling supplements and other forms of blood sugar aid. You are rest assured that your baby is in safe condition.
II: What Causes Gestational Diabetes?
There are various reasons on how can a pregnant woman get inflicted with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus. And in order for you to have a better understanding on how it is manifesting during pregnancy, you must first need to know what happens to the human body during pregnancy. There are cases that several women but not all have active hormones which prevent insulin to penetrate their placenta.
As we have previously established in the facts above that insulin is an important hormone that is being secreted by the liver in order to help synthesizing carbohydrates as well as fatty acids turning them in to generous energy sources. However the problem is once this hormone was not able to perform its task inside the body (both of the mother and the child) it causes high blood glucose levels which eventually leads to hyperglycemia. Hyperglycemia is a physical condition wherein the body is experiencing unbelievably high levels of sugar or glucose in the blood, having such large amounts of sugar in the blood has the potential of damaging the different nerves in the body, blood vessels where the sugar in blood and other essential nutrients travel going to different parts of the body, and of course the destination of every nutrients in the blood, the different kinds and types of organs in the body.
III: How Can You Create An Effective Gestational Diabetes Diet?
Creating an effective and sound gestational diabetes diet is the most important part in preventing and in treating Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in pregnant women. Well for obvious reasons, it is through food that we get our glucose sources. The better the choices of food that we provide to pregnant women the better their health status will be and the well-controlled their blood sugar is going to be.
The very first thing that you have to remember in creating an effective meal plan for pregnant women, especially those who are already suffering from Gestational Diabetes Mellitus is to know the specifics of their condition. After all not all people have the same metabolistic performances. After determining the underlying condition behind the pregnant woman’s physiology especially that of metabolism, the next thing that you should do is determine the food preference of the pregnant woman as well as those foods or nutrients that she is not getting with her regular diet.
From that point the next thing that you have to perform is identify what kind of food supplements as well medicine that the mother is partaking just to make sure that you are not going to make any over estimation or underestimation of nutrients that she will or is getting. After that you are then allowed to perform the necessary adjustment into the pregnant mother’s food choices making a sound balance of the things that she is craving for without neglecting the nutrients that she needs.
Without that you will not be able to make it possible to find a way for the pregnant woman to follow wholeheartedly the diet making it possible for her to develop further complications during and after pregnancy. The Key in making the perfect diet for a pregnant woman or patient for that matter is to provide controlled levels of indulgences together with proper provision essential nutrients (both macro and micro nutrients).
After all it is way easier to help a person who is very much willing to receive help. When making the Gestational Diabetes Diet, we must make sure that we are generous with the portioning of every meal since here we are trying to feed both the mother and the child. I sensible family man takes this job for his own ensuring that his family will have a good quality of life even from the very start of the conception up to the time that the child is born and settled down by the time they’ve grown up.
IV: What Can You Eat?
When you are having gestational diabetes right now in your pregnancy, or at least trying to be aware of the condition for early prevention, it is very important that you are aware of the different foods to eat as well as the type of food choices that you must avoid for your sake and your child’s sake.
So here are some examples of food, food choices, and nutrient sources that you must have during your pregnancy as well as those foods that you must utterly control:
- During pregnancy especially those who are having and has great potential of having Gestational Diabetes Mellitus it is important that pregnant women must be aware of the type of foods and food sources that contains the nutrients that their body needs. The food that they should be eating should be those who are rich in protein, calcium (for child birth and breast feeding), lots of fluid intake, iron, all the necessary vitamins and minerals, and most importantly those foods that are according to the preferences and consistency that the pregnant mother wants after she is the one who will be enjoying the food.
- If you are a pregnant it is imperative that you control your fat and carbohydrate intake. As much as you can avoid or at least control your consumption of fatty foods, foods that are too salty, overly sweet foods, and most of all avoid eating foods that has lots of preservatives. Not only that they will help in maintaining the deserved and balanced amount of nutrients in your body for both you and your child’s, but also the thought that whatever type of foods and nutrients that you consume, those very same stuff are going to be fed to your son/or daughter.
- People may see it as a superstitious belief but whatever kinds of food choices that you have (and even your husband/or father’s food choices are) during your pregnancy the most likely your child will have as something appetizing. So it is important during your pregnancy that both you and the father of the baby to supervise the food that you eat as well as the different food choices that you have.
V: What Are The Things That You Can’t Eat?
As was have mentioned and established, it is said that the type of food that pregnant mothers should avoid are those foods that have high amounts of carbohydrates, fat, and sodium. Since this particular nutrients play a big role in preventing and treating Gestational Diabetes Mellitus which is quite troublesome in providing several complications.
Too much sugar (both simple and complex carbohydrates) partnered with fatty foods and foods that have too much sodium as well as preservatives can produce lots of problem in the growth and optimum development of the baby inside the womb of the mother. Too much calorie intake may greatly affect the body growth of the child which can be problematic during the timing of the mother’s schedule. If the baby is too large there is great tendency that the labor can be bit early since the body of the mother is not enough to cater the special requirements of the child (one of the common reasons why children are born prematurely nowadays).
VI: What Happens To Your Body After Pregnancy?
According to various researches and studies about Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, over half of the population of women who had Gestational Diabetes Mellitus tends to develop type2 diabetes in the long haul after giving birth. Which is why whatever wonderful diet regimen that you have employed during pregnancy should be continued in the amount that is appropriate with the mother’s current health situation as well as improved the said diet in order to prevent the possible development of type 2 diabetes.
Aside from that there are other ways for you to stay healthy and get fit after giving birth. The first thing that you should do is regularly go to your doctor for your check up so you can receive an accurate monitoring of your body’s physiology. Eat healthy foods and find an excellent nutritionist that will make a detailed meal plan for you. Last but definitely the most important factor to consider after giving birth as the most excellent way to return back to your perfect shape and in having a good optimum state of health – Breast feeding. It can help your baby by ensuring that he or she will get the right amount of anti-bodies as well as substances that promotes the development of immune system.
It is also through breast feeding that you are helping both your baby’s body by providing them with added macro and micronutrient intake through your body’s excesses which can benefit your figure in the long haul hence it popularity for mothers today.
VII: What Happens To The Baby?
Babies born to a mother who suffered from GDM is important to have a possible hypoglycemic tendency due to the different types of medications that prevent the mother’s body to accumulate high blood sugar levels. It is important to monitor the child’s diet and their overall nutrient intakes.